Deep Diving into React Hooks

React Hooks revolutionized the way developers approach state management and lifecycle methods in React functional components. Introduced in React 16.8, Hooks provide a more elegant and efficient way to handle stateful logic, side effects, and more within functional components. Among the plethora of available Hooks, let’s embark on a deep dive into some key React Hooks, exploring their functionalities with practical examples.

Understanding React Hooks

Here are the most commonly used built-in React hooks:

  • useState: Manages state variables within functional components.

  • useReducer: An alternative to useState for complex state logic, often used with many state variables that update interdependently.

  • useEffect: Performs side effects, such as data fetching, subscriptions, or manually changing the DOM.

  • useLayoutEffect: Similar to useEffect, but fires synchronously after DOM mutations.

  • useContext: Accesses context values for sharing data across components without prop drilling.

  • useRef: Creates mutable ref objects to hold references to DOM elements or other values.

  • useCallback: Memoizes callback functions to prevent unnecessary re-renders.

  • useMemo: Memoizes expensive computations to avoid re-calculations on every render.

  • useImperativeHandle: Customizes the instance value exposed to parent components when using ref.

  • useId: Generates unique IDs that are stable across server and client rendering.

  • useInsertionEffect: Schedules effects to run before DOM mutations.

  • useTransition: Pauses or suspends non-urgent updates for a smoother user experience.

  • useDeferredValue: Defer re-renders of heavy components until the next screen frame.

Remember that React's hook system is designed to be extensible, so you can create your own custom hooks to encapsulate reusable stateful logic and share it across your components. Here is some example of useful react hooks.


useState is a fundamental Hook used for managing state within functional components. It allows components to declare and utilize state variables. Consider an example of a simple counter:

import React, { useState } from 'react';

function Counter() {
  const [count, setCount] = useState(0);

  return (
      <p>Count: {count}</p>
      <button onClick={() => setCount(count + 1)}>Increment</button>

In this snippet, useState initializes the count state variable with an initial value of 0. The setCount function updates the count state, triggering re-renders when its value changes.


useEffect is another crucial Hook used for handling side effects in functional components, such as data fetching, subscriptions, or manual DOM manipulations. Here’s an example demonstrating its usage:

import React, { useState, useEffect } from 'react';

function DataFetcher() {
  const [data, setData] = useState(null);

  useEffect(() => {
    // Simulating data fetching from an API
      .then((response) => response.json())
      .then((result) => setData(result))
      .catch((error) => console.error(error));
  }, []); // Empty dependency array runs the effect only once

  return (
      {data ? (
        <p>Data: {data}</p>
      ) : (

Here, useEffect runs after the component renders and performs the data fetching operation using fetch. The empty dependency array ensures the effect runs only once, simulating a componentDidMount behavior.


The useContext Hook allows components to consume values from React Context. It’s handy for accessing global data without prop drilling. Consider this usage example:

import React, { useContext } from 'react';

const ThemeContext = React.createContext('light');

function ThemeComponent() {
  const theme = useContext(ThemeContext);

  return <p>Current Theme: {theme}</p>;

In this snippet, useContext(ThemeContext) retrieves the current value provided by the ThemeContext.

Custom Hooks

Custom Hooks enable developers to extract component logic into reusable functions, allowing shared stateful logic across components. Let’s create a custom Hook for handling a form input:

import { useState } from 'react';

function useFormInput(initialValue) {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(initialValue);

  function handleChange(e) {

  return {
    onChange: handleChange,

// Usage
function FormComponent() {
  const name = useFormInput('');
  const email = useFormInput('');

  return (
      <input type="text" {} placeholder="Name" />
      <input type="email" {} placeholder="Email" />

In this example, useFormInput is a custom Hook managing the state of form inputs, returning value and onChange functions, simplifying form management across components.


React Hooks have significantly enhanced the development experience by offering a more concise and functional approach to managing state and side effects in React components. Understanding and leveraging these Hooks empower developers to create cleaner, more maintainable, and efficient code. As you explore further, you'll discover various other Hooks catering to different scenarios, enabling you to craft more robust and dynamic React applications.